Causes and Prevention of Atherosclerosis in Seniors

Causes and Prevention of Atherosclerosis in Seniors

In this article, we will briefly describe the causes and prevention of atherosclerosis in seniors. Principally, they are divided into 2 types:

primary related exclusively to medical indications;

secondary, which depend on the lifestyle and habits.

Primary causes and factors:

Hypertension of any origin

Diabetes mellitus of both types

Hypothyroidism (reduced thyroid function)

Gout

Uremia may occur in the late stages of certain kidney diseases

It is quite rare to find metabolic disorders already from birth.

In this case, it is necessary to control how a particular disease proceeds, to follow a specially prescribed diet, to undergo the whole regimen of therapy.

Secondary causes and factors:

The secondary factors include a person’s lifestyle and diet. In this case, it is much easier to fight the development of the disease. Following the right diet routine can greatly minimize the risk of developing the disease in the future.

The secondary factors include:

Lack or too high intake of certain types of vitamins – folic acid, vitamins D, B6, B12.

The use of oral contraceptives on a regular basis – especially without a doctor’s prescription.

Smoking

Excessive consumption of “bad” fats which are plenty in fast foods, purchased sauces and semi-finished products.

Low mobility

Being overweight

Chronic stress, resulting in nervous and physical exhaustion.

Old age

A crucial role can also be played by the gender of the person. For example, the risk of atherosclerosis of the brain, heart and lower extremities in men is much higher than in women.

Prevention of Atherosclerosis in Seniors:

Prevention of atherosclerosis includes, first of all, a balanced diet, weight control, exercise in the form of dancing, sports, tourism, and walking.

Preventive measures will improve blood circulation in the vessels of the heart and brain, prevent blood from stagnating in the lower extremities, prevent the accumulation of harmful and heavy fats.

The menu for maintaining your blood vessels in a good condition should necessarily include:

Seasonal vegetables and fruits, dishes made from them.

Low-fat meats (lean beef, chicken without skin).

Any fish.

Abundant consumption of juices, fruit drinks, compotes, kvass.

Porridges from whole groats.

Vegetable oils for cooking first and second courses, salad dressings.

You need to be careful with the consumption of foods that are high in fat. These include:

Butter.

Milk and dairy products (sour cream, cottage cheese, different types of cheese).

Eggs.

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